Interesting Facts About Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a common type of steroid found both in animals and humans. All types of cells, tissues and other body fluids contain some cholesterol, either in a free form or as a storage form. The total cholesterol level in the blood is measured in milligrams (mg) of cholesterol per deciliter (DL) of blood. An average level of cholesterol ranges from 200-300 mg/DL.

Cholesterol is a waxy, fatlike substance found in all cells of our body. It plays an important role in digestion, formation of the cell membranes, producing hormones and also useful in synthesizing vitamin – D. Healthy whole grains, fat-free and low-fat dairy products, egg whites, fresh fruits, vegetables, are all great sources of soluble fibers.

Interesting Facts About Cholesterol

Types of cholesterol

According to the rate of lipoproteins, cholesterol is divided into two types:

  1.   HDL cholesterol

HDL – high density lipoprotein- It is considered as the good cholesterol, as a high level of HDL protects against heart attack and stroke. It brings back cholesterol to the liver. The level of HDL cholesterol ranges from 40 and more.

  1.   LDL cholesterol

LDL – low-density lipoprotein- It is considered as the bad cholesterol. Too much of LDL cholesterol circulating in the blood can slowly form plaque, which blocks blood flow and forms a clot. The formation of clots in the blood vessels near the heart can cause a heart attack. The level of LDL cholesterol should be lesser than 100.

Interesting Facts about Cholesterol

  •  About eighty percent of cholesterol is oxidized by the liver and another twenty percent of cholesterol is secreted from the digestive tract.

  • Factors influencing cholesterol levels are age, weight, gender, genetics, certain diseases, and lifestyles.

  • Even children can have high cholesterol and this is because the deposition of plaque in their arteries, which begins in their childhood and progresses into adulthood.

  • Cholesterol is found in all animal-based foods, such as milk, milk products, eggs, etc.

  • Cholesterol is insoluble in blood as blood is a water-based fluid and cholesterol is an oil-based fluid. As the cholesterol enters the bloodstream, it coagulates into lumps as they are not unusable. This is further converted into lipoproteins – a very tiny particle of proteins.

These were some interesting facts about cholesterol.

For more information, students can subscribe to BYJU’S YouTube channel and check the YouTube videos to understand the importance of cholesterol and also learn about science-related topics from various engaging video lessons provided in the channel.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AVRev-A5L4k

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